Learning how to repair crossbows is essential for hunters and recreational archers.
Over time, the mechanisms on your rig will show signs of wear and tear.
Although you can avoid most issues with proper maintenance, there are many other common problems to consider.
How to Repair Crossbow Problems
The majority of crossbow problems can be repaired at home, although some require professional assistance.
Here are some of the most common crossbow problems and tips to help you solve them.
With modern self-cocking crossbows, this issue is far less likely to happen, but it is still probable.
If your crossbow isn't cocking, it could be because the safety mechanism is in the "fire" position.
As with any weapon, the safety must be engaged while you pull the string back for your security.
If you're using a new crossbow or an inexperienced hunter, you're likely to encounter this problem at least once.
Crossbows will not fire unless the user cocks the string all the way back, which engages the safety.
Most crossbows will not work unless the arrow is seated appropriately.
The best solution for this issue is to reattach your cocking tool and pull the string back further until it clicks.
When it clicks, it means the safety has been engaged.
Properly Cocked and Loaded, but Still Isn't firing
Another essential part with a crossbow that won't fire is the bolt.
Like the string, you will need to make sure your bolt is appropriately situated; otherwise, it won't work.
It's best if you can see if the bolt is pushed all the way back, especially if you keep your gear pointing down.
Not Grouping Well
When you start testing a new crossbow, you would want to fire arrows to see how well it groups.
Often, beginners find that their arrows are scattered, even if they know their sights are accurate.
If this is the case, there could be some tightening that you'll need to do.
We recommend checking the bolts, screws, and nuts that hold your optics to ensure your scope is attached correctly.
You will also want to make sure you're using the right cocking device for your specific crossbow.
Next, you'll want to ensure that when you cock the crossbow, the string is notched properly in its hooks.
If the string is not hooked correctly, your crossbow will be firing with unequal pressure, causing low accuracy.
A fantastic tip for ensuring your string is pulled correctly is to make marks on either side of the serving.
You'll be able to tell where the string should be when it's pulled back correctly to ensure it's centered.
How Can You Tell if You're Canting?
Lack of experience is often one of the most common issues novice hunters and archers have to deal with.
Canting is one of the most common human errors since it merely means you aren't holding the bow level.
Always ensure that the right and left limbs are even to ensure your arrow is shooting as accurately as possible.
To avoid canting, we recommend opting for a crossbow that you can adjust to your body size.
You'll also want to make sure you choose a narrow unit that is easy to control.
Your crossbow's weight can also have a large bearing on how easy it is to hold for extended periods.
How To Maintain Your Crossbow
An important thing to know when it comes to repairs is the importance of maintenance.
Most crossbows arrive equipped to use right out of the box, but they also need tender love and care.
With proper maintenance, you should be able to avoid the majority of human-caused problems you could encounter.
If you take care of your equipment, any professional repairs are bound to be substantially less costly.
You'll want to consider the following parts when it comes to maintenance.
Lubricate the Parts Regularly
Some hunters don't know the importance of making sure the crossbow is adequately lubricated before use.
The lubrication will wear down the more you shoot your crossbow, and it's one of the most critical types of maintenance.
The best tip for dealing with lubrication is to take a look at your owner's manual because every model is different.
In the manual, you should receive precise instructions about when you should be re-oiling.
Maintaining your string is one of the most common aspects of crossbow maintenance.
You will need to use silicone-based string wax to help extend its longevity.
Ideally, you should be lubricating the strings after five hunts, if not sooner.
Most hunters, though, suggest waxing the string every 25 to 30 shots, depending on how often you fire.
With that said, you cannot use vaseline as a replacement for proper string wax.
Crossbows and rifles are the same in that they both contain stocks, and they need to be taken care of similarly.
It will help if you consider using gun oil for the mechanical parts of your crossbow.
Use a special crossbow oil when it comes to the rail and arrow track since the lubricant is designed explicitly for crossbow parts.
Using oil on your crossbow is one of the best ways to prevent the mechanisms from wearing down.
Gun oil is designed to prevent weathering, especially if you're a hunter.
Your crossbow's rails and cables will need to be waxed down properly.
With that said, always make sure you avoid putting wax on the center servings.
Inspect the Crossbow and Arrows
After every hunt, you should also inspect the trigger and safety mechanism for signs of damage.
When it comes to your arrows, the most important part to look at is the shaft, especially since a damaged part is dangerous to fire.
If you notice any signs of splintering or damage, discard the arrow immediately to avoid accidents.
Some of the best hunting arrows are designed to last years without breaking or splintering.
Pay Attention to the Crossbow Limbs
When firing your crossbow, there is bound to be some vibration.
However, if the vibration is more than average, it could be a damaged crossbow symptom.
Also, pay close attention to the sound it makes, since it might need a thorough inspection if it's too loud.
Storage is often forgotten but is one of the most important aspects of protecting your crossbow.
You should consider investing in a crossbow bag that helps protect the sensitive components from elements.
Also, you'll need a room-temperature environment away from chemicals and solvents.
How to Get Professional Crossbow Repairs
If you've gone over the list of common crossbow issues and your device still isn't working, turn to professionals.
Gunsmiths have specialized knowledge when it comes to working on crossbows safely.
Not only will you want to avoid hurting yourself when fixing your gear, but you'll also want to protect your investment.
Gunsmiths will run diagnostics to determine what the problem is and ask you questions about its performance.
Once they have narrowed down the cause of the issue, they will provide you with a quote for repairs, if necessary.
Many hunters also consider using gunsmiths to help them maintain their crossbows at the end of every season.
With the professionals' help, you can make sure your gear is ready to shoot at the start of every season.
Depending on the repairs, you might find it's less expensive than trying to tackle it yourself.
Crossbow Repair and Maintenance
When you learn how to repair crossbows, you'll be able to prevent permanent damage.
Always make sure you follow the specific care and maintenance tips for your model to prevent most issues.
Also, know when it's time to rely on professional help for fast repairs.